Lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgender people, like everyone else, will face mental health issues and distress throughout their lives.
However, evidence from the UK and elsewhere shows that persons from these groups have higher rates of common mental health issues like depression, anxiety, and stress. The detrimental effects of discrimination and marginalization on LGBT individuals and groups, both direct and indirect, are well documented.
There may also be extra disparities impacting LGBT people from ethnic minority populations or those with disabilities, according to research. Addressing these consequences and preventing them in the first place must be part of our national and local strategies for preserving and strengthening public mental health.
Don’t overlook these symptoms!
Mental health is frequently disregarded. Everyone should understand that maintaining overall health requires both physical and mental health. It is, nonetheless, a necessary component. It occupies a significant portion of our daily life. A bad mental health day can have a range of implications, including making work completion more difficult. Avoiding errands could be the answer. It can also be more serious, like not showing up for work.
Like everyone else, the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ) population faces these issues. However, they may have even greater difficulties in caring for their mental health. This is frequently linked to current prejudices.
LGBTQ people are more prone to suffer from mental illnesses including depression and anxiety issues. Furthermore, the stigma associated with mental diseases can deter people from getting care. If proper care and treatment are received by individuals, it would make an impact on their regular life. Especially if one faced child abuse or sexual abuse.
Minority stress theory has a lot of data backing it up when it comes to explaining health inequalities among sexual and gender minorities. Less is known, however, about how minority stress affects a variety of oppressed groups, including lesbian, homosexual, bisexual, and transgender individuals of color (LGBT POC).
Furthermore, while research has shown individual resilience in the face of minority stress, a study on macro-level mechanisms such as communal resilience is needed.
The gay community and its people sought mental health treatments 2.5 times more than their "straight" colleagues, according to a survey. Humans are, nevertheless, particularly vulnerable to feelings of shame, anxiety, discrimination, and unpleasant or traumatic occurrences.
LGBT people develop coping mechanisms in reaction to stress, and the majority of them survive and even thrive despite it. Individuals mount enormous, even heroic, coping attempts in the face of stress and adversity, according to research on resilience in many communities. However, various research on LGBT communities' resilience and, more broadly or health-inducing processes has lagged.
How to provide help?
Without interrupting the privacy of others, you can be honest and ask about someone's life if they are willing to share. Follow the person's lead when it comes to language phrases. If you're not sure, just ask.
Inquire about people's preferred pronouns and use them. Make an apology and move on if you make a mistake. Do not inquire about a transgender person's birth name or the medical processes taken to transition.
But with the assistance of supportive families, communities, and peers, most LGBTQ+ people are highly resilient and will thrive in the face of adversity. When compared to heterosexual and cis-gendered people, this group is projected to have worse mental health outcomes, which is a fact that healthcare providers should be aware of and address.
Mental disease diagnosis is often contentious. In the medical world, there has been much discussion concerning what constitutes a mental illness.
Our civilization and culture can influence the definition, yet most mental diseases occur in all countries and cultures. This implies that they are shaped not only by societal norms and expectations but also by biological and psychological factors.
In a poll of LGBTQ+ people, more than half said they had experienced clinicians rejecting care, using harsh language, or blaming a patient's sexual orientation or gender identity as the cause of an illness. Some persons may hide their sexual orientation or gender identity from providers out of fear of prejudice, or they may avoid obtaining care entirely.